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Review Essays of Academic, Professional & Technical Books in the Humanities & Sciences


Women and the Economy: A Reader by Ellen Mutari (Editor), Deborah M. Figart (Editor) (M.E. Sharpe) The primary audiences for this reader are undergraduate and graduate students in a variety of majors and degree programs. Designed as a primary or supplementary text for the growing number of courses offered on women’s roles in the economy, Women and the Economy provides both heterodox and interdisciplinary approaches to the literature. It showcases feminist economic analyses that apply insights from institutionalism as well as neoclassical economics.

Though the majority of chapters are reprinted from journals in economics, for accessibility, the objective of the reader has been to minimize the technical content of the reading thorough adaptation of the original articles, without sacrificing the intent and argument of the author’s published versions. The editors, Assistant Professor and Professor at The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, have shortened lengthy articles, eliminating endnotes and footnotes and cutting or adapting tables and figures that were not central to the arguments. The economics chapters are supplemented with contributions by authors from gender studies, sociology, demography, history, philosophy, policy, planning, business studies, and advocacy groups. Newer pieces provide fresh and innovative perspectives, augmented by some classics in the field.

Sections include

  1. Methodologies for Studying Women and the Economy
  2. The Rise and Fall of Separate Spheres
  3. Households and Social Reproduction
  4. Mainstream Approaches in Labor Market Outcomes
  5. Heterodox Approaches to Labor Market Outcomes

Each section contains an introduction with background material, key terms, discussion questions, exercises, and further readings. The exercises were pilot-tested in a workshop and reworked using the feedback received.

Readers will profit from the clear organization and thoughtful editorial commentary. All in all, Women and the Economy does a good job of examining gender in the context of race/ethnicity and class

Liberty, Virtue, and Happiness: The Story of Economic Freedom in America by Edward W. Ryan (Nova Science) As we enter the third millennium, and as so many search for solutions to contemporary problems, wisdom suggests that we step back and examine the evolution of the idea and practice of economic freedom. This volume, addressed to the general reader, provides an historical perspective that develops the vital relationship between economic freedom in America and other liberties, and it combines economics with history, political science, philosophy, and theology. Along the way, it emphasizes the importance of classical, religious, and commercial virtues in securing all of our freedoms, and it analyzes the interconnections between liberty, virtue, wealth, and happiness. This is α book that shows how we might obtain α society where prosperity and true happiness reign.
Freedom assumes many forms and, without doubt, these overlap and impinge one another. However, for purposes of simplicity, this discussion employs a tripartite classification: personal freedom, political or civic freedom, and economic freedom.
Personal freedom includes the freedoms of speech, worship, thought and association. Essentially, it means the liberty to live your life according to the dictates of your conscience as you strive to achieve various personal goals. Three forms of economic organization present themselves: command, tradition and free markets.
A market economy - also known as capitalism - has shown itself to be by far, the most successful mechanism. A market economy is based on the tenets of economic freedom which, subject to the constraints of the proper function of government, and in its pure form means the liberty to enter any occupation, start any business, produce any good or offer any service and charge any price, operate the enterprise in the manner that one chooses This book discusses our quest for freedom from Colonial America, the Civil War to modern economic and social freedom and how it has affected us.

 Contents: Chapter 1: The Idea of Economic Freedom; PART I: THE QUEST FOR FREEDOM; Chapter 2: Economic Freedom in Colonial America; Chapter 3: The Great American War for Freedom and Independence; Chapter 4: 1776-Political Freedom: The Declaration of Independence; Chapter 5: 1776-Economic Freedom: Adam Smith and the Wealth of Nations; Chapter 6: Victory and its Aftermath; Chapter 7: The United States Constitution: Political Freedom; Chapter 8: The United States Constitution: Economic Freedom; PART II: FREE MARKETS, FREE PEOPLE, AND THE STATE; Chapter 9: Free Markets in Action: The People; Chapter 10: Free Markets in Actions: The Results; Chapter 11: Economic Freedom and the State 1; Chapter 12: Economic Freedom and the State II; PART III: ECONOMIC FREEDOM: HAPPINESS AND VIRTUE; Chapter 13: Economic Freedom: Happiness and Virtue 1: Philosophy and Religion; Chapter 14: Economic Freedom: Happiness and Virtue 11: The American Experience; Conclusion.

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