Attacking Terrorism: Elements of a Grand Strategy edited by Audrey Kurth Cronin, James M. Ludes (Georgetown University Press) The definition and understanding of "terrorism" is in a state of unprecedented evolution. No longer are acts of terrorism rare and far-flung. Following the horrendous attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, and the more recent attack in Madrid, U.S. citizens have had their eyes opened to a new world where this nightmare stalks the daily news and is never far from consciousness.
ATTACKING TERRORISM brings together some of the world's finest experts, people who have made the study of this rising menace their life's work, to provide a comprehensive picture of the challenges and opportunities of the campaign against international terrorism. Part one, "The Nature of Terrorism," provides an overview and foundation for the current campaign, placing it within the political and historical context of previous threats and responses. Part two, "The Responses to Terrorism," looks at the range of policy instruments required in an effective strategy against terrorism.
The contributors to this volume bring finely honed analyses and nuanced perspectives to the terrorist realities of the twenty-first century--history, analyses, and perspectives that have been too often oversimplified or myopic. They bring a new depth of understanding and myriad new dimensions to the crisis of terrorism. And they reach into aspects of counterterrorism that broaden our grasp on such important tools as diplomacy, intelligence and counterintelligence, psycho-political means, international law, criminal law enforcement, military force, foreign aid, and homeland security, showing not only how these tools are currently being employed but how often they are being underutilized as well.
ATTACKING TERRORISM demonstrates that there are no easy answers--and that the road toward victory will be long and arduous, frightening and dangerous--but as Audrey Kurth Cronin states in her introduction, "As the campaign against international terrorism unfolds, a crucial forward-looking process of strategic reassessment is under way in the United States, and this book is intended to be a part of it."
Terrorism and U.S. Foreign Policy by Paul R. Pillar (The Brookings Institution) is about the phenomenom of terrorism, its different manifestations and the kinds of groups related to this activities. Mr. Pillar explains the methods for answering the terrorist threat and -contrary to what many may think- he relegates military actions to the last place of the list. This book was written before September 11, 2001, but certainly it helps explain why the attacks took place and sets the path to prevent such acts in the future. This book is also important for those interested on the legal aspects of terrorism, because it deals with different instruments adopted to combat this threat. For every person who would like to form his/her own opinion on how to fight terrorism, this text is a must read.
Paperback edition includes a new introductory essay on counterterrorism since 9/11.
The United States government-backed by the overwhelming support of the American public-takes a hard line against international terrorism. The tenets of official U.S. counterterrorist policy are: make no concessions or deals with terrorists; bring them to justice for their crimes; isolate and apply pressure on states that sponsor terrorism; and bolster the counterterrorist capabilities of countries willing to work with the United States. While these tenets are sound principles, their application, specifically overseas, raises difficult questions. Does the "no deal" policy actually deter terrorists acts? Are there cases where agreements might reduce terrorism, while advancing other U.S. interests? Do isolation and pressure really force offending states to alter their support for terrorists? What factors affect the willingness, not just the capability, of foreign governments to help the United States in counterterrorism?
In this critical study, a career CIA officer provides a guide to constructing and executing counterterrorist policy, urging that it be formulated as an integral part of broader U.S. foreign policy. In the first four chapters, Paul R. Pillar identifies the necessary elements of counterterrorist policy, he examines why the United States is a prime terrorist target, and he reveals why the counterterrorist policies that seem strongest are not always the most effective. Chapter 5 examines the widely varying nature of terrorist groups and the policy tools most appropriately applied to them. Chapter 6 focuses on states that sponsor terrorism (including Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Cuba), along with those that enable it to occur (particularly Greece and Pakistan). Pillar examines ways in which the American public’s perspective toward terrorism can actually constrain counterterrorist policy, and he concludes that terrorism cannot be "defeated" only reduced, attenuated, and to some degree, controlled. The final chapter summarizes his recommendations for amending U.S. policy.
Understanding Mass Violence : A Social Work Perspective edited by Shulamith Lala Ashenberg Straussner, Norma Kolko Phillips (Pearson Allyn & Bacon) Understanding Mass Violence prepares social workers to intervene with people affected by human-caused violence, such as school shootings or terrorist acts.
Examines mass violence within the broader context of social policy and social justice, and addresses real-life issues of trauma, including its impact and specific interventions.
Discusses understanding and helping traumatized individuals and families, children, and the elderly; schools, workplaces, and communities that experience mass violence.
Coverage of retraumatization; the role of religion and spirituality in healing; and secondary trauma that may be experienced by helping professionals.
You can order this text packaged with a Free Research Navigator (for The Helping Professions guide, which features a free password for access to an array of online sources. This new Pearson Learning product helps students and instructors find credible and reliable material for research assignments and papers.
Violence, Inequality, and Human Freedom, Revised Edition by Peter
Iadicola, Anson D. Shupe (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers) (paperback)
Since writing the first edition of this book, the levels of violence in wars,
terrorist attacks, and the general deprivation of peoples throughout the
Southern Hemisphere of the world has increased. On September 11, 2001, we all
watched in horror as a commercial aircraft commandeered by terrorists crashed
into the World Trade Center, killing thousands of people. After the initial
shock, for a brief moment there began a discussion as to why this happened. How
could people be willing to kill themselves to kill others? This was the first
attack on the United States since World War II and it was from an enemy of
whose identity we were uncertain. Unfortunately, questions of why were soon
dismissed and replaced with a sense of righteous indignation and calls for
revenge. Those who began to ask questions about why this happened were viewed
with suspicion and were often targeted for public attack. The American public
never was able to have a conversation as to how people could be so desperate to
attack us that they would intentionally kill themselves in the process. In
Israel, similar events are occurring on a weekly basis. A young Palestinian girl
blows herself up in a marketplace in the hope of killing Israeli citizens. We
learn of slaughters of hundreds of thousands of people in Rwanda and East Timor
and there is little discussion as to why this could have occurred. And the
remedy that we choose to stem this violence is more violence, which leads to an
escalation of violence around the world. Every day in our newspapers, on our
evening news broadcasts on radio and television, that story of violence is
told. But the story is incomplete. We only hear of the violence occurring, but
we are offered little analysis as to why. Instead, we hear simplistic
explanations that only a child would appreciate. The president of the United
States talks of evil people and evil in the world. We are told to pray to God
for his help in defeating this evil and our chosen weapon is more violence. Now,
more than any other time in our history, we need to ask the question why, and we
need to go beyond the simplistic childish responses of bad people and evil in
the world. We need to look at how we have structured human existence throughout
the world and how this has resulted in such horror as killing the most innocent
among us, our children.
studies of violence in the past, it has become compartmentalized and fragmented.
The vast majority of research focuses on the interpersonal violence of
criminals. In general, only a small category of violence is studied. However,
what we learned in our own study of violence is that violence is pervasive in
human existence. The scope of the phenomenon goes way beyond the criminal
violence that the mass media and public officials have focused on. It exists in
virtually every institutional setting and has been a feature of all societies
throughout human existence. The first goal that we had as authors was to tell a
more complete story of violence, to educate the reader to the many different
forms of violence that lead to the death or injury of millions of people in a
tells the story of the violence that harms people throughout the world. It tells
the story of the violence that most people think of when they hear the words
murder and rape. But it also tells the story of the forms of violence that most
people do not think of when they hear the word violence. In these categories of
violence, we discuss the violence that is the product of institutional actions
(family, economy, state, and religious organizations) and violence that is the
product of the very organization of societies (structural violence). Most
writings about violence focus on interpersonal violence. This book is unique
because the focus is principally on those other more devastating forms of
violence. This book examines a greater range of violence from the interpersonal
to institutional to structural forms.
story that this book tells is how the forms of violence are linked together. We
have learned in the course of our study that there is an important linkage
between the many different forms of violence that occur throughout a society and
the world. Although we can think of a form of violence in isolation, in reality
the forms of violence that exist in the society and the world are linked
together. We discuss the idea of a chain of violence that links the
interpersonal forms of violence with the institutional and structural violence.
The more we understand the nature of this linkage, the greater our ability
becomes to address the problem of violence.
also tells the story of how violence is related to inequality. At the most
fundamental level, what allows us to violate another is our ability to define
those others as separate and less than ourselves. The structures that we have
created and act to maintain and extend create this ability and teach it to the
next generation. The story of violence is a story of inequality. We have learned
that inequality is both a cause and an outcome of violence. How we respond to
the structures of inequality in the society and world will determine the nature
of violence within these systems.
book tells the story of how violence is related to freedom-a value that we in
the United States celebrate and in our public messages to the world promote.
However, freedom is linked to violence. We discuss how violence is fundamentally
about control and the control over freedom of action. Violence is ultimately a
form of power that at the same time extends and denies freedom to the actors
involved. The more violence that occurs in the world, the less freedom exists
for us all.
this book as an introduction to the subject of violence. It is not intended to
be a theoretical treatise on the topic. Instead, our goals are more modest. It
is to provide the reader with a new way of looking at the phenomenon and to
gain an appreciation for the scope and complexity of the topic. The book is
written to begin a conversation about why violence in its many forms occurs, a
conversation beyond the psychology or presumed evil of those who commit such
acts. This book is rooted in the sociological disciplinary perspective. For
those who are not familiar with this perspective, we hope that the introductory
chapter will provide the reader with the necessary disciplinary lens to gain a
better understanding of the phenomenon of violence.
people have provided us with resources and insight into the subject of violence
and have contributed their labor for the completion of this project.
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