Handbook of Petrochemicals Production Processes by Robert A. Meyers (McGraw-Hill Handbooks: McGraw-Hill Professional) The first and only guide to real world petrochemical engineering
This unique reference is the only one-stop source for details on licensed petrochemical processes for the major organic chemicals, a $200 billion annual market. Prepared by some of the largest petrochemical and petroleum companies in the world, Handbook of Petrochemicals Production Processes provides in-depth process detail for commercial evaluation and covers plastics and polymers such as ethylene and polyethylenes; propylene; ethylbenzene, styrene and polystyrenes; vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride; and many others. This handbook answers questions on yields, unit operations, chemical and physical values, economics, and much more.
Chemicals -- and the process used to produce them -- are a billion dollar business. Written by experts from major international petrochemical licensing firms, this innovative handbook details the latest and most powerful chemical processes used to create the most economically important chemicals in the world.
This handbook is a reference and guide to present-day real-world petrochemicals (inter-mediates, monomers, and plastics) production methods, product properties, and economics. There is no other single source of such information. The focus is on the most economically important petrochemicals (which together represent a $200 billion market): acetic acid, aniline, 1,3-butadiene, cumene, ethylbenzene, ethylene, methanol, oxo alcohols, phenols and acetone, propylene and light olefins, styrene, terephthalic acid, xylenes, low-density/linear low-density and high-density polyethylenes and copolymers, polyethylene terephthalate, polypropylene, polystyrene, and vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride.
In order to present the global technology base adequately, it was decided to ask major licensers to contribute to this handbook the processes and economics of their most advanced and utilized licensable technologies (the reports were to be in a common format, to allow for side-by-side comparison). This resulted in a total of 53 technologies offered by 18 of the largest firms in the petrochemicals licensing business. These firms also represent a large fraction of global petrochemicals production. The information given in this handbook will let engineers make a first evaluation of licensable processes for new production and will allow engineering students to perform class exercises that compare the various characteristics of today's most-used technologies.
Each licenser was asked to follow the chapter format below as closely as possible:
General process description: including feed definition and product yield and a simplified flow diagram.
Process chemistry and thermodynamics: for each major processing unit as applicable.
Process perspective: developers, locations, and specifications of all test and commercial plants, and near-term and long-term plans.
Detailed process description: process flow diagram with mass and energy balances for major process variations, and feeds and details on unique or key equipment.
Product and by-product specifications: detailed analyses of all process products and by-products as a function of processing variations and feeds.
Wastes and emissions: process solid, liquid, and gas wastes and emissions as a function of processing variations and feeds.
Process economics: installed capital cost by major section, total capital investment, operating costs, annualized capital costs with the basis, and price range for each product if applicable.
This handbook is a companion to the Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes, Third Edition (McGraw-Hill), published last year. That handbook, with the same for-mat as this one, consists of 61 licenser technology chapters for the processing of petroleum to gasoline and other fuels as well as some petrochemical intermediates. The two handbooks together provide a comprehensive set of technologies for converting crude oil to fuels, intermediates, commodity chemicals, and the major plastics.
The reader of this handbook is specially directed to the section on gas-to-liquid technologies in the Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes, which includes methanol production and also conversion to ethylene and propylene, as well as to the section on aromatics coinplexes for additional information on licensable petrochemical technologies.
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