Opposition and Legitimacy in the Ottoman Empire:
Conspiracies and Political Cultures by Florian
Riedler (SOAS/Routledge Studies on the Middle East:
Routledge)`This book looks at opposition to the Ottoman
government in the second half of the nineteenth century,
examining a`number of key political conspiracies and how these relate to an existing
political culture. In his detailed analysis of these conspiracies,
the author offers a new perspective on an important and well
researched period of Ottoman history.
A close reading of police records on five conspiracies offers the opportunity to analyse this opposition in great detail, giving special attention to the different groups of political actors in these conspiracies that often did not come from the established political elites. Florian Riedler investigates how their background of class and education, but also their individual life experiences influenced their aims and strategies, their political styles as well as their ways of thinking on political legitimacy. In contrast, the reaction of the authorities to these conspiracies reveals the official understanding of Ottoman legitimacy.
The picture that emerges of the political culture of opposition during the second half of the nineteenth century offers a unique contribution to our understanding of the great changes in the political system of the Ottoman Empire at the time. As such, it will be of great interest to scholars of Middle Eastern history, political history, and the Ottoman Empire. More
The History of the Seljuq State: A Translation with
Commentary of the Akhbar al-dawla al-saljuqiyya by
Sadr al-Din 'Ali ibn Nasir Husayni, translated by Clifford
Edmond Bosworth (Routledge Studies in the History of
Iran and Turkey: Routledge)
The Akhbar al-dawla al-saljuqiyya is one of the key primary documents on the history of Western Persia and Iraq in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. This book provides an accessible English translation and commentary on the text, making available to a new readership this significant work on the pre-modern history of the Middle East and the Turkish peoples.
The text is a chronicle of the Seljuq dynasty as it emerged within the Iranian lands in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, dominating the Middle Eastern lands, from Turkey and Syria to Iran and eastern Afghanistan. During this I formative period in the central and eastern Islamic lands, they inaugurated a pattern of Turkish political and military dominance of the Middle East and beyond, from Egypt to India, in some cases well into the twentieth century.
Shedding light on many otherwise obscure aspects of the political history of the region, the book provides a more detailed context for the political history of the wider area. As such, it will be of great interest to scholars of Middle Eastern history and is an important addition to the existing literature on the Seljuq dynasty. More
Court Cultures in the Muslim World: Seventh to Nineteenth
Centuriesby Albrecht Fuess and Jan-Peter Hartung
(SOAS/Routledge Studies on the Middle East: Routledge)
Courts and the complex phenomenon of the courtly society
have received intensified interest in academic research over
recent decades; however, the field of Islamic court culture
has so far been overlooked. This book provides a comparative
perspective on the history of courtly culture in Muslim
societies from the earliest times to the nineteenth
century, and presents an extensive collection of images of
courtly life and architecture within the Muslim realm.
The thematic methodology employed by the contributors underlines their inter-disciplinary and comprehensive approach to issues of politics and patronage from across the Islamic world stretching from Cordoba to India. Themes range from the religious legitimacy of Muslim rulers, terminologies for court culture in Oriental languages, Muslim concepts of space for royal representation, accessibility of rulers, and the role of royal patronage for Muslim scholars and artists, to the growing influence of European courts as role models from the eighteenth century onwards. Discussing specific terminologies for courts in Oriental languages and explaining them to the non-specialist, chapters describe the specific features of Muslim courts and point towards future research areas. As such, it fills this important gap in the existing literature in the areas of Islamic history, religion, and Islam in general. More
Contesting Realities: The Public Sphere and Morality in Southern Yemen by Susanne Dahlgren (Gender, Culture, and Politics in the Middle East Series: Syracuse University Press)
Aden, the former capital of the only Marxist republic in the Arab world, has returned to the headlines as the scene of a popular uprising against the tribal-military rule of present-day Yemen. Susanne Dahlgren in Contesting Realities traces the social and political history of Aden from the late British colonial era, exploring the evolving ways in which the society has been established in a tension between contesting normative orders. Dahlgren, academy of Finland research fellow at the Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, offers a complex picture of Adeni society in which norms for propriety vary according to the contexts of social space. She stresses individual agency and power to maneuver within a traditional patriarchal Muslim community. More
Britain and Tibet 1765-1947: A selected annotated bibilography of British relations with Tibet and the Himalayan states including nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan, revised and updated to 2003 by Julie G. Marshall (Routledge) This bibliography is a record of British relations with Tibet in the period 1765 to 1947. As such it also involves British relations with Russia and China, and with the Himalayan states of Ladakh, Lahul and Spiti, Kumaon and Garhwal, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Assam, in so far as British policy towards these states was affected by her desire to establish relations with Tibet. It also covers a subject of some importance in contemporary diplomacy. It was the legacy of unresolved problems concerning Tibet and its borders, bequeathed to India by Britain in 1947, which led to border disputes and ultimately to war between India and China in 1962. These borders are still in dispute today. It also provides background information to Tibet's claims to independence, an issue of current importance. The work is divided into a number of sections and subsections, based on chronology, geography and events. The introductions to each of the sections provide a condensed and informative history of the period and place the books and articles in their historical context. Most entries are also annotated. This work is therefore both a history and a bibliography of the subject, and provides a rapid entry into a complex area for scholars in the fields of international relations and military history as well as Asian history.
Julie G. Marshall is a research associate in Asian Studies at La Trobe University in Melbourne where she was formerly Head Reference Librarian. She has published numerous bibliographic works in the field of social sciences and has travelled widely in the Himalayan Region including Tibet. More
Pictograms or Pseudo-Script? Non-Textual Identity Marks in Practical Use in Ancient Egypt and Elsewhere edited by B.J.J. Haring and Olaf E. Kaper (Proceedings of a Conference in Leiden, 19-20 December 2006. UITGAVEN - EGYPTOLOGICAL PUBLICATIONS: Peeters Publishers) Marking systems such as masons marks, property marks, pot marks, quarry marks and team marks confront us with the large variation in the use of graphic signs. They are often similar to writing, yet they are not script in the strictest sense of the word. The practical purposes of marks include claims to property and responsibilities, both individual and collective, for which regular scripts are also used. he marking systems are seen to operate in combination with writing, but frequently also in isolation. In societies that use writing, the marks appear to be strongly influenced by it: their shapes are often identical and they may be similarly arranged in lines or columns. In this sense the marking systems may be called a pseudo script, for in spite of their resemblance to writing, the signs remain mere pictograms. This volume brings together for the first time the results of research on practical marking systems in ancient Egypt and other cultures, making it possible to define the common characteristics of their appearance and their uses. It is the result of a conference hosted by the Egyptology Department at Leiden University in 2006. The great geographical and chronological range covered by the volume, the sign corpora added to many of the contributions, and the indices also make it the first important reference work on this intriguing topic. More
One Hundred Thousand Moons: An Advanced Political History of Tibet by Tsepon Wangchuk Deden Shakabpa and Derek F. Maher (Brill's Tibetan Studies Library: Brill Academic Publishers) DRAWING ON A VAST ARRAY OF HISTORICAL AND biographical sources, this volume elaborates Tibetan political history, arguing that Tibet has long been an independent nation, and that the 195o incursion by the Chinese was an invasion of a sovereign country. The author situates Tibet's relations with a series of Chinese, Manchurian, and Mongolian empires in terms of the preceptor-patron relationship, an essentially religious connection in which Tibetan religious figures offered spiritual instruction to the contemporaneous emperor or other militarily powerful figure in exchange for protection and religious patronage. Simultaneously, this volume serves as an introduction to many aspects of Tibetan culture, society, and especially religion. The book includes a compendium of biographies of the most significant figures in Tibet's past. More
Tradition and Modernity by Chen Lai, translated by
Edmund Ryden (Brill's Humanities in China Library Volume 3:
Brill Academic Publishers)
The question for twentieth-century China has been the
integration of tradition and modernity. In this collection
of essays written over a period of twenty years (1987-2006),
Chen Lai reflects on the question in an informative and
original way. He reads behind the political slogans and
engages with the thought both of Max Weber, Talcott Parsons,
and western sociology, and representative Chinese thinkers,
notably Feng Youlan and Liang Shuming. While the focus is on
China, the book also appeals to anyone interested in this
fascinating question of how to modernize whilst retaining
the positive values of tradition. Chen Lai's unique and
balanced grasp of society marks him out as the foremost
thinker in China on this topic today.
Beauty And Love by Seyh Galip and Victoria Rowe Holbrook (MLA
Texts and Translations: Modern Language Association) Companion
volume in Turkish:
Husn u Ask by Seyh Galip and Victoria Rowe Holbrook (MLA Texts
and Translations: Modern Language Association) Holbrook's brilliant
translation of the greatest Turkish romance brings Galip's dramatic
imagery alive while making ingenious use of Ottoman mete for the
first time in English. Her introduction is the finest brief
treatment of Islamic mysticism in existence. Her profound knowledge
of Sufism clarifies the philosophical vocabulary of the tale, and
her modernized spelling of the text breaks with transliteration
tradition to to make her work accessible to all readers of`Turkish—Orhan
Likewise her translation may well aid in the revival of appreciation of Ottoman poetics and the mysticism of love. The girl Beauty and the boy Love are betrothed to each other as children. But Beauty violates the custom of the tribe by falling in love with him, and Love must undergo the trials of a journey to the Land of the Heart to prove himself worthy—a journey to realization of both his and Beauty's true nature. More
The Age of Beloveds: Love and the Beloved in Early-Modern Ottoman
and European Culture and Society by Walter G. Andrews, Mehmet
Kalpakli (Duke University Press) (Hardcover)
"The Age of Beloveds is a treasure and a masterpiece. With
breathtakingly extensive original research, it is beautifully
written, in a style both inviting and impressive. It is the fruit of
a lifetime's project to add Ottoman literature to the canons of
world literature." -Victoria Holbrook, author of
The Unreadable Shores of Love: Turkish Modernity and Mystic Romance.
The Age of Beloveds offers a rich introduction to early-modern Ottoman culture through a study of its beautiful lyric love poetry. At the same time, it suggests provocative cross-cultural parallels in the sociology and spirituality of love in Europe—from Istanbul to London—during the long sixteenth century. Walter G. Andrews and Mehmet Kalpakli provide a generous sampling of translations of IOttoman poems, many of which have never appeared in English, along with informative and inspired close readings. The authors explain that the flourishing of Ottoman power and culture during the "Turkish Renaissance" manifested itself, to some degree, as an "age of beloveds," in which young men became the focal points for the desire and attention of powerful officeholders and artists as well as the inspiration for a rich literature of love.
The authors show that the "age of beloveds" was not just an Ottoman, eastern European, or Islamic phenomenon. It extended into western Europe as well, pervading the cultures of Venice, Florence, Rome, and London during the same period. Andrews and Kalpakli contend that in an age dominated by absolute rulers and troubled by war, cultural change, and religious upheaval, the attachments of dependent courtiers and the longings of anxious commoners aroused an intense interest in love and the beloved. The Age of Beloveds reveals new commonalities in the cultural-history of two worlds long seen as radically different.
The Religions of Mongolia by Walther Heissig, former head of the Department of Central Asiatic Studies at the University of Bonn, Germany, has written a thorough historical survey of the folk origins of the religions of Central Asia. He focuses on the existence in Mongolia of religious forms that have more ancient roots even than Buddhism. The forms of Northern Buddhism in Mongolia correspond in the main to those Tibetan forms from which they originated. Heissig is mainly concerned in the present book with those beliefs and concepts which belong to the non-Buddhist folk religion of the Mongols. Scholars have in recent years discovered original Mongol texts and documents unknown till now, and professor Heissig´s own researches in European libraries have revealed more than seventy-eight manuscripts, containing prayers and invocations from the folk religion, all of which provide essential material on the non-Buddhist religious conceptions of the Mongols. His philological work on these Mongol texts is the basis for this account of the ancient religious ideas of the Mongols. He begins by describing the shamanism of the Mongols, then gives an account of the spread of Lamaism and the subsequent Lamaist suppression of Shamanism. The main part of the book is devoted to a study of the Mongolian folk religion and its pantheon, which includes heavenly beings, the ancestor god, the deity of fire, and equestrian deities. This is an important study providing a glimpse of major religious ideas. More
Brave Men of the Hills: Resistance and Rebellion in Burma, 1825-1932 by Parimal Ghosh`(University of Hawaii Press) Chapter 1 covers the period from the beginning of colonial rule in Lower Burma after the First War, till up to the period after the Second War. We begin with a brief discussion of the structure of the pre-British Burmese state in order to understand the dynamics of the resistance as it unfolded. The state formation in pre-British Burma was broadly of a decentralised nature, with a substantial degree of political power located in the spheres of such local level officials as the Myothugyis and the Tbugyis. Under the over-arching authority of the royal court the locality was, in the main, politically autonomous and economically self-sufficient. The decentralised formation was rendered more complete through a similar structure in the Buddhist Sangha. The central control of the thathanabaing or the head of the Sangha came into view only in matters of serious dispute, and individual monasteries generally took care of routine affairs, besides looking after the spiritual needs of the local people. With every boy expected to spend some time in the monastery, there was a universal respect for the Sangha. In pre-colonial times, and also during resistance to British rule, this respect and moral authority often came to develop political overtones. After the defeat of the royal army, especially in the Second and Third Angle-Burmese Wars, these men, firmly rooted in the locality, began a prolonged phase of resistance that continued almost unabated into the late 1880s. More
Mayada, Daughter of Iraq: One Woman's Survival Under Saddam Hussein by Jean P. Sasson & Mayada Al-Askari
(Dutton) Jean Sasson was assigned Mayada Al-Askari as a translator
on a trip to
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